Concepts and Issues
Seeing the sincere inquisitiveness of Arjuna in knowing the attributes and glories of The Lord, Sri Krishna reveals them with affection for his welfare and prosperity and through him for the benefit of humanity at large.
Sri Krishna tells Arjuna that neither the Gods nor the sages know His origin because He is the source of all. He, who knows Him as Unborn and Beginningless and as the Supreme Lord of the Universe, is undeluded and liberated from all the sins. From Him alone all the qualities of beings viz. understanding, wisdom, non-illusion, patience, truthfulness, self-control, calmness, happiness, pain, birth, death, fear and fearlessness arise. The seven great sages, the ancient four and the Manus, invested with the power of The Lord, were born out of His mere will and from them all the creatures of the world descended. He who knows these manifold manifestations and super-natural powers of The Lord gets established in Yoga.
The wise ones knowing that He is the source of all, that everything in the world exists because of Him, worship Him with devotion, talk on Him, surrender themselves to Him, meditate on Him and rejoice in Him. Sri Krishna says that those who worship Him with devotion, to them He gives the Yoga of Discrimination by which they shall reach Him. In order to shower His grace, He dwells in their Self and destroys the darkness of their ignorance by the shining lamp of wisdom.
Arjuna tells The Lord “Narada, Vyasa and other great seers have described You in the same terms. Now, You too confirm their teachings. I believe that You are the Supreme Spirit-The Lord, the Infinite Paramatman. You told me earlier that even the Gods and the great sages do not comprehend you correctly in all Your full glory. Since You are the only one who knows You, You are the only teacher who can teach me about Yourself and Your glories. You must tell me therefore all Your glories which pervade all the worlds. Tell me also how am I to meditate so that I may know you. In which aspect or form should I contemplate upon You to realize You in Your full glory? Tell me all about Yoga powers and Your glories ".
From here till the end of this Chapter Sri Krishna gives several examples of His manifestations with the idea that he who meditates upon on any one of them will be able to discover the Infinite in the finite world of pluralities.
The long list of His manifestations described in the Verses 20 -39 has been tabulated below for easy reference.
Sri Krishna says that He is the