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Indian Culture And Traditions

Shakti Peethas (Tantra Peethas) Of India
By Dr.K.K.Debnath, January 2011 [drkkdebnath@gmail.com]

Chapter :

Peethas  in adjoining/neighboring areas of ancient Bangadesh
1. Gandaki (river), Nepal
Devi's  right cheek fell here and the idols are Devi as Gandakichandi (the one who  overcomes obstacles or Gondi) and Shiva as Chakrapani (Holder of the discus).  It is a famous pilgrimage centre. It is  adjacent to Mukti Nath temple (Tantric) at Nepal.

2. Prayag (three rivers meet here) or Allahabad
Devi's  ten fingers fell here and the idols are Devi as Lalita (beautiful). Another  name is Alopi and Shiva as Bhava. Near Tribeni ghat there is Banitirtha ghat, Allahabad  is the railway station.

3. Varanasi (Benaras) or Kasi the place of Shiva and Adi Nath
Devi's  earrings (Kundal) fell here and the idols are Devi as VishwaLakschmi (The  provider of wealth to all) and Shiva as Kala (Time or the end of time). It is a  famous pilgrimage in UP and one of the oldest cities in the world. The Puranas  say that this city exists even after the Pralaya. The famous place ‘Manikarnika’ is located here  and named so because the ear ring of goddess was like pearl (Mani).

4. Vrindavana
Devi's  hair fell here and idols are Devi as Uma (Devi) and Shiva as Bhootesh (or  provider of all desires). It was playground of Lord Krishna and the gopis. The  vana or forest or garden is where the young Krishna grew up in the home of  Yasoda the wife of a cow herd. Krishna was capable of amazing feats and saved  the village from many perils such as the Naga Kaliya and the great rage of  Indra by holding up a mountain above the village. But his time was mostly spent  with the beautiful gopis or cow girls with whom he had many affairs. The  principle of illicit love is the basis of this aspect of philosophy where a  person harbors a secret love for god which he cannot reveal to others.

Chapter :

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[6] Comment(s) Posted
  1. Comment By - Dr Krishna Kumar Debnath Date - 05 Feb 2014 Time - 9:58PM
  2. According to historians, the puranic period is termed as the period of Gupta Dynasty (From 200 AD onwards). These Gupta Kings became anti Buddhist, and to convert them into Brahmanic system, they used carrot and stick policy. Result: Lord Buddha was declared as an Avatar of Vishnu. Budhdha pada at Gaya was renamed as Vishnupada, and many important Budhdha temples were converted as Vishnu Temples. Later on Buddhist Sakti temples were also converted as Brahmanic Sakti Temples. The Fact is that the Todays Brahmins were nothing but the descendent of the then intellectuals (ministers, Professors, poets, Literators etc) of Buddhism and Jainism. They either embraced or form the group of Brahminism probably due to intrinsic benifits made available in Brahmanic faith (Towards hassle protection of interest of their descendents). Ref: Ancient History of India by RS Tripathy, Indian Temple and Architechture by Mr. Srinivasan and others).

  3. Comment By - Ram Prasad Tripathy Date - 26 Jul 2012 Time - 6:40AM
  4. Dear Author, In the initial part of your article, you have given a hymn to prove `Tara Tarini` as the Sthana Khanda, Breast shrine of Adi Shakti. But you have not mentioned a single time in your description that taratarini is the Breast shrine of Adi Shakti. Secondly, you said, “according to historians and researchers, it was originally a Buddhist Tantric temple. Historically Tara and Tarini both are Buddhist Goddesses.” I WANT TO GIVE SOME REFERENCES HERE BY WHICH YOU CAN UNDERSTAND HOW THIS ANCIENT SHRINE WAS ORIGINALLY NOT A BUDDHIST TANTRIC TEMPLE 1.According to the Mythological Puranas the origin of Maa Taratarini is directly attributed to Daksha Prajapati`s Jagna in Satya Yuga. The famous Shakta Peethas of Bimala, Tara-Tarini, Dakshina Kalika and Kamakshi originated from the limbs of the divine Corpse of Devi Sati. Mythological sacred texts like the Shiva Purana, the Kalika Purana attest this fact. 2.According to available historical sources the fall of Kalingan Empire and its capital Sampa (Samapa) in the Kalinga war around 2300 years ago by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, strengthened the grip of Buddhists in this part of India. The then Sampa was hardly 4-5 kms away from Taratarini Hill Shrine. So, scholars believe that Taratarini was worshiped as the principal deity (Ista-Devi) of the mighty Kalinga Empire. 3.After Ashoka conquered Kalinga scholars found it a famous centre of Buddhism. The region of Ganjam near the bank of river Rushikulya was an active Buddhist site as shown from the Special Rock Edicts of Ashoka found at Jaugada at a distance of 4-5 km from Tara-Tarini Hill Shrine. The name Tara (Buddhism), an important deity of Mahayana Buddhist Pantheon, is suggestive of Buddhist influence. An image of Buddha in meditation, present inside the sanctum sanctorum of the taratarini temple lends credence to the claim of this site as an ancient centre of the Buddhist Shakta cult. 4.However, according to the texts of Mahayana Buddhists, in the initial days, the Buddhists didn`t believe in the worship of Goddesses or in Pratimapuja (Idol Worship). But, the ecclesiastical texts of Mahayana`s reveal that from 1st century AD after the fall of Kalinga Empire, for the first time the Mahayana Buddhists accepted the worship of Mother Goddess `Tara`. So there is seldom any doubt that the Buddhists have learned the `Tara` Puja concept from the Tara Tarini Shrine. The contemporary Buddha Tantric texts, texts of Vajrajani sect and Hindu Tantric texts also attest these facts. 5.So, the scholars and historians believe that in the primary days, after the Kalinga war the Buddhists captured and worshiped the famous Hindu Shrine of Maa Tara Tarini, the principal seat of Tantric sect in Hinduism at that time, as Buddha Tara, and later on included `Tara` as the Tantrik deity or spouse of bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara in their belief system. Gradually this `Tara` worship spread to different parts of the world and later they included ‘Tarini’ in their believe system. In Japan the Buddhists still worship both ‘Tara’ and ‘Tarini`. Hinduism is much older then Buddhism. THEN HOW IT WAS POSSIBLE THAT ORIGINALLY TARA TARINI WAS A BUDDHIST TANTRIC TEMPLE? Regards, Ram Prasad Tripathy PRO (TTDB) New Delhi

  5. Comment By - Dr Krishna Kumar Debnath Date - 17 Aug 2011 Time - 4:01AM
  6. I am thankful to all readers and their comments.

  7. Comment By - gopi nath Date - 05 May 2011 Time - 12:39AM
  8. and to see really overwhelmed..


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