WHAT DOES ONE ATTAIN THROUGH SERENITY?
prasaade sarvaduhkhaanaam haanirasyopajaayate
prasannachetaso hyaashu buddhih paryavatishthate// 2.65 //
In that serenity there is an end of all sorrow; for the intelligence of the man of serene mind soon becomes steady.
What happens when peace is attained is explained here. Sri Krishna says that when mental peace is attained there is no hankering after sense-objects. The Yogi has perfect mastery over his reason and sense of discrimination. The intellect abides in the Self. It is quite serene and steady. The miseries of the body and mind come to an end.
Peaceful mind is a condition- precedent for happiness. Peace is happiness; happiness is peace. The least agitated mind is the proof of absence of sorrows and sorrows are the proof of the state of mental disturbance. Destruction of sorrows or pain indicates the elimination of vasanas in as much as vasanas are the cause for delusion which creates all sorrows. Keeping the mind under tranquil atmosphere through a life of self-control is the secret for the elimination of vasanas.
PEACE OF MIND ALONE LEADS TO HAPPINESS
naasti buddhir ayuktasya na chaayuktasya bhaavanaa
na chaabhaavayatah shaantir ashaantasya kutah sukham // 2.66 //
The man whose mind is not under his control has no Self-Knowledge and to the unsteady no meditation is possible and to the unmeditative there can be no peace and to the man who has no peace how can there be any happiness ?
The necessity for the quietness of mind for practicing the technique of Self-perfection is explained here. The unsteady mind cannot practice meditation. The mind which cannot be focused on meditation cannot acquire the knowledge of the Self.
Such a person will not have intense devotion and longing either to Self-knowledge or to liberation. A person with these negative qualities cannot have peace of mind. How can a man who has no peace of mind enjoy happiness? Insatiable thirst for sense-objects is the enemy of peace and there cannot be even an iota of happiness for a man with no peace. His mind is always restless and runs after worldly objects. Only when this thirst dies down a man can enjoy a real and abiding peace when he will be able to meditate and rest in the Self.
True happiness is not in the thirst for objects but in the restraint of the senses from thirst for enjoyment. Thirst is misery indeed.
WHY IS THE UNSTEADY MAN INCAPABLE OF KNOWLEDGE?
indriyaanaam hi charataam yanmano'nuvidheeyate
tadasya harati prajnaam vaayur naavam ivaambhasi // 2.67 //
When the mind runs after the wandering senses, it carries away his discrimination as the wind carries away a boat on the waters.
The mind which constantly thinks about the sense objects and moves only in pursuit of such objects destroys altogether the discriminatory faculty in man. Just as a gale carries away a rudderless ship from its charted course and drives her away from reaching its destination, so too the unsteady mind carries away the aspirant from his spiritual path and turns him towards the worldly objects by taking away his discrimination.
CONDITION OF THE SEEKER WHO CONTROLLED HIS SENSES
tasmaad yasya mahaabaaho nigriheetaani sarvashah
indriyaaneendriyaarthebhyas tasya prajnaa pratishthitaa // 2.68 //
Therefore, O Mighty Armed Arjuna, his wisdom is steady whose senses are completely restrained from their objects.
The man of steady wisdom can, at his will, withdraw the senses, from their objects and enter into communion with the Self.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE WISE AND THE IGNORANT
yaanishaa sarvabhootaanaam tasyam jaagarti samyamee
yasyaam jaagrati bhootani saa nishaa pashyato muneh // 2.69 //
In that which is night to all beings, the self-controlled man is awake and where all beings are awake, that is the night for the man who sees (has vision).
To the ignorant the Supreme reality is like the night. They see in it confusion and darkness. But the man of steady wisdom is fully awake with regard to reality.
Again, the multiplicity of the world of time and space is as clear as a day to the ignorant. But the man of wisdom sees in it the confusion of a night.
Ignorance creates the idea of multiplicity and duty while the wise never deviates from the knowledge of the Self. Error stands in the same relation to truth as sleeping to waking.