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Foreign Affairs

Dealing With Pakistan-Time To Face Realities
By Major General Mrinal Suman, May 2012 []

Chapter :

Over the last six decades India has tried various policies to make Pakistan see the benefits of a rancor-free relationship. Every Indian Prime Minister made liberal conciliatory gestures in the mistaken belief that he could make a place for himself in the history of the sub-continent as the harbinger of peace. One went to the ridiculous extent of banning Indian secret agencies from operating in Pakistan. All were doomed to fail for the simple reason that they were based more on emotion, hope than hard ground realities. In the end, the Indian leadership had to throw its hands up in sheer frustration due to Pakistan’s anti-India intransigence.

A few years ago a group of Indian ladies visited Pakistan under a social exchange program. One of the ladies sustained a wrist fracture in an accidental fall and was taken to the nearest medical facility. The orthopaedician on duty treated the lady diligently and to the best of his ability. While bandaging the wrist, he engaged the lady in small talk. When the lady referred to commonality of Indian and Pakistani cultures, the doctor flared up and blasted the lady for her ‘flawed views’. “What is common between us? We eat cows and you worship them. We asked for a separate nation only because we are totally different in all respects. I suggest you Indians should stop fooling yourselves”, he thundered.

The above incident has been recalled here to show the extent to which Pakistani citizens have been brainwashed. Their deep-rooted hatred and venomous mindset defies logic. When some well meaning enthusiasts talk about Track-II diplomacy and initiatives like ‘Aman Ki Asha’, they forget the fact that Pakistan lives and thrives on anti-Indian policy. The day Pakistan sheds hostility towards India and adopts a conciliatory stance, it would amount to negating two-nation theory, the raison d'être for its very existence. Therefore, it will be naïve to expect Pakistan to have a change of heart.

‘Be patient with a bad neighbor: he may move’ is a famous Egyptian proverb. Unfortunately, such hopes cannot be entertained with respect to a bad neighboring country. It is a great misfortune that India has been cursed with a neighbour like Pakistan which does not mind harming itself only to harm India. Kashmir is merely a manifestation of Pakistan’s infinite hostility towards India. Were India to hand over Kashmir to it on a platter, Pakistan will invent newer issues to keep the pot boiling? Discord and acrimony would continue as always.

India’s policy of extending a hand of friendship and accommodation has been a total failure. On the contrary, it has emboldened Pakistan into considering India to be a soft state and increased its intransigence and hardened its anti-India attitude. How to deal with an unreasonable and hostile neighbour continues to be a convoluted dilemma for India.

Ground Realities

Before embarking on a fresh initiative, Indian policy makers will do well to analyse underlying reasons for Pakistan’s anti-India stance and antagonistic attitude while keeping the following ground realities in mind:-

a)    Negative Core Values
Every nation has certain core values. These are fundamental traits that provide sustenance to it for its existence. Normally, these are positive attributes which are considered non-negotiable and unalterable. In many countries, the core values are enshrined in the opening chapter of their written constitution. In India’s case, it is to secure for all its citizens justice (social, economic and political); liberty (of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship); equality (of status and opportunity); and fraternity while assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation.    

On the other hand, despite high sounding assertions in its frequently rewritten constitution, Pakistan’s core values are based on the warped political principles of ‘hate and hurt India’ at all costs, even if its own existence gets jeopardized in the process. Pakistan was created on the ideology that the ‘pure’ cannot coexist with the infidel. A nation born out of hatred needs hatred to feed itself on for continued sustenance and to justify its existence. Anti-India stance fulfills this need and cannot be shed. 

b)    Deep Rooted Prejudices
Bhutto’s ‘1000 year war’ and Zia’s ‘bleeding India by 1000 cuts’ are indicative of innate prejudices. In its school text books, Pakistan’s existence is claimed since the time Qasim captured Sindh province in the 8th century. Muhammad-bin-Qasim and Mahmud Ghori are portrayed as great heroes who were instrumental in the establishment of Muslim rule in India. When a leading Pakistani paper claims that Pakistan is destined to defeat India because Pakistan’s ‘horses in the form of atomic bombs and missiles’ are far better than Indian ‘donkeys’ and boasts of re-conquering India, the level of percolation of anti-India venom can well be gauged. 

In the wake of 1962 Indo-China conflict, Pakistan tried to fish in troubled waters to extract concessions from India. Subsequently, it decided to befriend China to spite India. Today, it swears by its camaraderie with China. It is an unprincipled marriage of expediency against a common adversary. Anti-India attitude has compelled Pakistan, a nation owing its existence to religious fundamentalism, into embracing communist China.

Anti-India feelings are so pervasive that the Pak cricket team conspired to lose a cricket match during the last World Cup to ensure India’s elimination. Yet, the Pak players had the temerity to complain about their non-inclusion in the IPL tournament. Even a casual visitor to Pak websites and blogs gets shocked to see venality of comments against India. There is hardly a sane voice that advocates need to promote amity. Strangely, every comment considers India and Hinduism to be synonymous. India bashing always degenerates into Hindu bashing by painting every issue with communal colour.  

c)    History of Deceit and Duplicity
One may not fully agree with former Australian Test umpire Darrell Hair’s description of the Pakistani cricketers as ‘cheats, frauds and liars’. But the fact is that the whole world considers Pakistan to be an untrustworthy and deceitful nation. Independent Pakistan started its track record with treachery. Starting with the Kashmir betrayal; Pakistan has made deceit and duplicity to be its national policy.  Despite having signed a ‘stand-still agreement’ with the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan unleashed Pashtun marauders on the hapless Kashmir valley with the active participation of Pak army.

Breaching undertakings given to the US, it surreptitiously used American equipment to launch a surprise attack on Kutch in April 1965. Even before the ink had dried on the Kutch agreement, Pakistan was back to its treacherous ways. Covertly, it infiltrated its forces into Kashmir, expecting a local uprising against India. Under the Tashkent agreement, India agreed to return the strategic Haji Pir pass to Pakistan, in exchange for an undertaking by Pakistan to abjure the use of force to settle mutual disputes and adherence to the principles of non-interference. However, Pakistan continued its proxy war through its notorious secret agencies. Sanctuaries and safe passage were provided to underground elements of North-Eastern India.

Without learning from the past experience, India agreed to release 96,000 Pakistani Prisoners of War (PoWs) after 1971 war. In exchange, India accepted a solemn verbal undertaking by Bhutto that Pakistan would accept LOC as the de facto border. India once again let Pakistan bluff its way through. Bhutto never intended to abide by his word. Worse, to avenge its defeat, Pakistan redoubled its efforts to create turmoil in India.

Under the Simla agreement, all PoWs were to be exchanged. Whereas India kept its word, Pakistan, true to its nature, dishonestly kept back 54 Indian PoWs out of 617 PoWs held by it. It is apprehended that they are still rotting in various Pak jails.

While the Indian leadership was trying to break ice through ‘bus diplomacy’ in 1998-99, Pakistani military brass was busy planning the notorious Kargil incursion. Thus, Pakistan remains incorrigible as a devious and cunning neighbour.

d)    Sadistic Anti-Indian Streak
Due to decades of indoctrination and brainwashing, all Pakistanis suffer from an extremely brutal and vicious anti-Indian streak. While dealing with India, a strange sadistic instinct gets aroused that takes control of their thinking and behaviour.

Despite India’s honorable treatment of 96,000 Pak PoWs, the treatment meted out to the patrol led by Lt Saurabh Kalia in May 1999 by the Pakistan army will put even barbarians and animals to shame for its sheer cruelty. Defying all conventions and norms of humanity, Pakistanis pierced their ears with hot rods, removed their eyes before puncturing them, broke most of the bones and chopped off various limbs and private organs of the hapless Indian soldiers. After 22 days of torture, the brave soldiers were ultimately shot dead. A detailed post-mortem report is with the Indian Army.

The Way Forward

It is often said that those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. India has been repeatedly duped and cheated by Pakistan but continues to entertain hopes of a change of heart while Pakistan has made India the whipping boy for all the ills that it suffers. India is blamed for every terrorist strike in Pakistan, whether on their military academy or on the Sri Lankan cricket team. People are told that evil India was responsible for causing floods. Adviser to the Prime Minister of Pakistan on Education, Sardar Aseff Ali accused India of stealing Pakistan’s waters and threatened to wage war with India. Anti-India propaganda goes to the ridiculous extent of accusing India of extracting electricity from the river waters flowing in to Pakistan, thereby rendering the waters worthless.

It is time India stops living in a fool’s paradise and reformulates its Pakistan policy, keeping the following facts in mind –

• Pakistan was born on anti-India plank and it is its only identity. Shedding of anti-India posture would amount to questioning the logic of its very creation. Therefore, Pakistan cannot afford to shed its antagonism towards India.
• Pakistan can never be India’s friend as the venom of anti-India feeling is too deeply ingrained and it will take generations for it to abate. India’s unilateral offer of friendship will always be rebuffed.
• Deceitfulness and duplicity is its state policy and it can never be trusted. Trust deficit is the anti-thesis of amity and it cannot be bridged easily.
• Harming Indian interests is the corner stone of its foreign policy. Attacks on Indian parliament, IT hub Bangalore and commercial centre Mumbai show calculated selection of objectives.  It never misses an opportunity to embarrass India in every world forum.

India should stop claiming that a united Pakistan is in India’s interests. There cannot be a more blinkered view. Nations born out of a persecution complex can never rid themselves of bitterness of history. Their break-up is the only way out and India must encourage that in its own security interests. Having failed to make Pakistan see reason, India has no reason to be apologetic. Repeated assertions of being a peace loving state are invariably misconstrued as impotence of a soft state.

A proactive policy should be followed to make friends with the countries who feel threatened by the growth of terrorism in Pakistan. Simultaneously, leveraging its enormous economic clout, India must convey its displeasure to countries that help Pakistan pass anti-India resolutions in various comities of nations. No nation that supports Pakistan’s anti-Indian motions can claim to be India’s friend.  It is time India asserts itself.

To hate and cheat India is Pakistan’s national obsession. It is time India accepts this bitter fact and modifies its approach accordingly. Affable statements made by a few retired cricketers and singers are of no import. As they visit India only to make money, they have to be professionally correct. Their masquerading as ambassadors of friendship is of little consequence.

As a matter of policy, India should never trust Pakistan’s word. It has been taken for a ride for far too long. Pakistan is adept at playing double game and has mastered ‘cloak and dagger’ policy. Under world pressure it may be forced to wear a mask of reasonableness and friendship, but the irrefutable fact is that India will always remain Pakistan’s eternal enemy.

Therefore, India should stop dreaming of having a friendly neighbour in Pakistan. The history of past 64 years has amply proved the futility of entertaining such hopes. Therefore, it will be in India’s own interests to get reconciled to an antagonistic Pakistan and tailor its approach accordingly. India should aim at minimising, and if possible neutralising, Pakistan’s threat to Indian security and national interests by aggressive measures. Rogue countries like Pakistan do not believe in international conventions and shamelessly flout them. The only language they understand is of strength and retribution. India must make it amply clear to Pak government that every anti-India mischief would invite immediate reprisal and that no transgression will go unpunished.

First published in Defence and Security Alert in February 2012

About Author – Major Gen Mrinal Suman is India’s foremost expert in defence procurement and procedures and offsets. He heads Defense Technical Assessment and Advisory Services Group of CII.

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Editor – be friends with all but this attitude should be backed by Economic and Military power. Never let your guard down!

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[4] Comment(s) Posted
  1. Comment By - RENGANATHAN IYENGAR Date - 14 Aug 2015 Time - 8:18AM
  2. Dear Mrinal Suman Just one word from now on: Less or No talk with the Porkis. Action on all front is what is needed. Also Hindus need to show that we can be united and win over the Islamic horror ! In future, this will be the main way, we need to move. Renga Iyengar Chennai

  3. Comment By - Samerdjietpresad Gonesh Date - 23 May 2012 Time - 2:19AM
  4. While the Indian Government have the full knowledge of the atrocities of the Pakista-nis on Indian soil (also Kashmir), no action has been taken to put an end. It is shocking that Hindus in Kashmir was forced to quit its own home and till today the Pandits are refugee in their own country, while the descendants of Mandir looters and coweaters are responsible. The Government and the Indian Army are also fully respon-sible for this atrocity against the Pandits. It is general known the Government is an anti Hindu Government. The army is nothing more than the tail of this Government. This means the criminals from Pakistan will go ahead with its terroristic behaviour. To put a stop in this matter, the Indian Army must understand they are for the defence of justice and Bharat Mata with its religion. From the article of Major General Mrinal Suman, one can conclude the Army have no plan of action to stop this violence. From the Delhi Politicians no important decision will follow. This means the Hindus and its religion will stay unprotected in the future. The Indian Army knows that fully, but is keeping quit. They became responsible too in destroying the Hindu nation. For this reason an ALL India Panchayat Seva Sena has to be created in protecting the Hindu Nation and its religion. The Sena has to be at least 400 million men and women to safeguard the Hindus. This Sena will not be a tool or tail of the Government. The Religion will be its master. No mercy shall be given to the descendants of Mandir looters and coweaters. Salute to those who were brutally killed by cirminal muslimdogs. Har Har Mahadev! From: S.Ganesh.

  5. Comment By - I Love My Country India Date - 22 May 2012 Time - 10:48AM
  6. Dear Major General, You have written a very insightful article and I congratulate you for such a brilliant and incisive analysis. The reasons which I feel are detrimental to our development as a society are: 1. We do not have great political leaders any more. Many of the current politicians lack integrity and intellectualism to serve the nation. Like Nehru, these so called politicians act as "International Statesmen" but fail miserably as was Nehru with his policies such as offer of friendship with China, soft stance with regards to Kashmir, policy of “pseudo-secularism” (meaning I give a hoot to the sufferings of the majority community but will jump from the cliff for minority), lack of knowledge of international politics (like following blindly the economic planning implemented by Soviet Russia) and so on. 2. We as a society need to shed "pseduo-secularist" policies, vote bank policies and try to cut the menace of fundamentalist elements in all forms. 3. Majority of our historians in order to be painted as "Intellectuals and Fair" perverted our ancient and medieval history and largely ignored the cruelty of some of the most tyrant muslim rulers the world would ever see. Just to quote some instances, Mahmud Ghazni, Mahmud Ghori, Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, Alauddin Khilji, Taimur, Babur, Aurangazeb, Deccan Sultans and so on, simply plundered our land not only of wealth but of great artistic value and culture. They erased our sacred monuments, temples and on top of them built their mosques, tombs and so on. These barbaric invaders lacked essential civilized ingredients like "tolerance, respect and dignity". History shows majority of Hindu rulers had a character ingrained in them which was to forgive the enemy and show mercy towards enemy, but on the contrary Muslim invaders time and again showed deceitfulness and treachery, after defeating the enemy these barbaric invaders made sure to burn the city, erase its sacred temples, structures etc. Just few examples to quote are Mohammad Ghouri (who was shown mercy by Prithviraj Chauhan in the first battle of Tarian) but he was mercilessly treated by Ghouri in the second battle. All these barbaric muslim invaders had one thing in common, which was their total disregard for the local culture, customs and people. They gave only two options to the locals, either convert them to Islam or get killed/tortured/mis-treated and treat them like second class citizens by imposing Jaziya etc. Whole of history shows that majority of Muslim invaders wherever they went, wiped off the local cultural traditions and cruelly imposed their will on the local subjects. But, still our politicians are not able to learn from history and trying to extend friendship with Pakistan. Majority of Pakistanis have the mindset of "Jihadis" who are willing to do harm to people of other faith and also to their own religion but of different sect. It is a shame that Indian historians be it Romila Thapar or some one else like the ones who had leftist leanings wanted to portray themselves as "intellectuals" and whitewashed the atrocities of these barbaric muslim invaders. One of the most cruel example of these barbaric invaders was the treatment meted out to the glorious city of "Hampi" in South India, any patriot`s blood will be boiled when they read the history of Hampi by Robert Sewell ("A Forgotten Empire Vijayanagar") and utter destruction it suffered in the hands of these barbaric muslim invaders. All these historians with leftist leanings and atheist backgrounds or inherent hatred for Santana Dharma have done one thing in common, a) portray ancient hindu culture in bad light b) white-wash the muslim atrocities. Why no outstanding hindu ruler of the past like Shivaji or Chandragupta II or Sri Krishnadeva Raya etc., were not given the epithet "Great" but is readily given to Akbar (who though was less barbaric than his ancestors and successors but was nevertheless a cunning political strategist rather than a benevolent ruler like say Asoka or Shivaji or Sri Krishnadeva Raya). The only way to inculcate a feeling of oneness among Hindus is to make them read unbiased history and read the true history of muslim invaders of India. This will make them understand the realities and will give them a sense of danger in offering friendship to Pakistan. Pakistan thrives on Fundamentalism, while India on Liberalism, these two diverging philosophies can never merge. This has to be understood by our politicians who anyhow lack the wisdom and integrity to serve the nation. 4. Finally Indian society should get rid of casteism. "Caste" should be banned by law just like untouchability, so we can develop a feeling of true brotherhood with another person, instead of a divisive and caste based society as we have currently. Actually, the best opportunity to get rid of casteism was presented to Gandhi in 1932 but he failed miserably. Caste is a major bane of Indian society, this divides people and it is tearing our society. Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma) in a true sense is a philosophy of life rather than an organised religion (like Judaism, Christianity or Islam), albeit a complicated one, but at the core it is the most tolerant religion and enshrines universal brotherhood unlike the organised religions which cater to the interests of their own community. India needs to get rid of three "Cs" of Caste, Corruption and Criminalisation to be a top nation. I hope I may live long to see ours as a truly developed society with elimination of poverty, caste, corruption and criminalisation of politics. I’m an optimist, so I do have hope to see my nation as a truly successful one. Thanks again for the article.

  7. Comment By - Samerdjietpresad Gonesh Date - 21 May 2012 Time - 6:48AM
  8. The article of Malor General Mrinal Suman has made it once more clear Pakistan has to be destroyed and without delay. If the understanding is there one can see the line from the barbaric Mahmud Gori did to India and Maharaja Prithviraj Chauhan. Though he was blinded and tortured he killed him. Mahmud Ghori was finished. If Pakistan feels it can go the same way by tortering and killing the Jawans of India on barbaric ways, India must upheld her duty to defend its greatest assets - the Jawans. This means destroy Pakistan. If the politicians can take no decisions in that way, Bharat Vasi must take the lead and setup a 400 million Panchayat Sewa Sena to re- occupy all lost land. No compromise in this matter. Within one day Pakistan can be destroyed and reoccupied. That will be the message for the future. Indeed, Hindus and Muslims are different in all respects. Hindus are civilized people. Muslims are far from our value. They do not belongs to Bharat Mata. That these barbaric religion could get hold on India, was only due to the inner fighting of the Kings. From the time of Alexander the Greek till Maharani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi one can see the line of treason by the Kshatriyas and today all Hindus are suffering with this unloyal behaviour. Many Maharani have lost their lives by accepting Sati. This was the highest offer the Hindus have brought due to treason. No, it was not because the Muslim forces were strong in defeating the Maharadja, no, it was the selfishness and treason of imnportant Kshatriyas. Without doubt, Pakistan has to be liquideted as soon as possible with also the liberation of Kashmir. Further more India must accept without delay the DOCTRINE OF EXCLUSION to all nation who are supporting the criminal Pakistan. From:S.Ganesh.

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