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Philosophy And Spirituality

Sleep And Various Schools Of Indian Philosophy
By Dr. Kakali Ghosh, [[email protected]]

Chapter :

[Abstract: Introduction─ √Svap=English verb ‘to sleep’─ Indian philosophical systems have gone through several logical discourses on svapna and suṣupti to lead people to the path of absolute and eternal truth─ Svapna

and Suṣupti in Vedānta─ Svapna and Suṣupti in other Āstika-darśanas─ Svapna and Suṣupti in other Indian philosophies─ Conclusion].

To read in PDF format click here.

About Author – Is Assistant Professor, Department of Sanskrit, Jadavpur University, Kolkata.

Chapter :

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[1] Comment(s) Posted
  1. Comment By - Renga R Iyengar Date - 24 Sep 2016 Time - 8:53AM
  2. This is a scholarly article and requires a lot of training in the sanskrit language and also in the vedantic discourses in it. Common readers just cannot make head or tail with it. I am sure the article is not for them. Swapna is Dream. Shusupti is deep sleep. These two states are known to all humans very clearly as we live them every day and night. They are easy to understand. For example look at the word - `sleep` and compare it to the word `slip`. This will give you an idea. Slip is a fast `sliding` and `sleep` means a very slow `sliding`. A sleep is a very slow `sliding`. Shusupti is the total shut down of the wakeful state. Of course, you need to analyse what is that which is slowly slipping and what is being shut down. This is very difficult in English as the vocabulary is from the field of psychology. In the olden days, of course Indian scholars have experimented with these two states and have tried to explain these two states from the wakeful states - which is totally different for them. This is the difficulty - explaining the state from another state. In modern times this work is continuing in the field of psychology and neuro medicine. IMHO, Adi Sankara has explained it very clearly in his early vedantic work called Atma Bodham. He says all these three states - wakeful state, dream state and deep sleep state are all false ! The one which is common to the three states - is the reality. Of Adi Sankara calls this state as the state of the Brahman ! This is the simplest and purest explanation of the Brahman and how it is the base of all things in a human being. Well, yogis practice and succeed in being there in all the three states (Arabindo tried it) by staying as close to the fourth state. The entire systems of meditation etc is to make the human attain this state - which is the non-dual or advaithic state. Patanjali says another sutra about the fourth common state : For every 16 minutes of meditation, the person goes into the fourth state for half a second. Yogis can extend this state to higher amount of time and longer you stay in the common fourth state, the longer you are near to the divine state.. Of course rather than wondering and day dreaming about the three states of all of us, you can fully read the fantastic written book Atma Bodham and you will find knowing the foundations on which the God Theory is based.. Of Atma Bodha is a very small book of just Eighteen verses or so and good explanation of it provided by Chandrasekara Bharathi of Sarada Peetam. Please do and say what you have experienced. After that this article will look more meaningful to you. My sincere thanks to esamskriti and also to the author of this article for bringing out a scholarly article on the dream and sleep states. With Best Wishes Renga Iyengar

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