Exploring energy options for resurgent India

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Energy  infrastructure requires huge investments and takes time to build.  Mistakes made today show up five, seven, or even ten years later. The  sector is also mired in geo-politics. Powerful financial interests  influence decisions as we saw in the previous two UPA governments.  Therefore, those in Modi’s strategy group should analyse the  geo-political constraints carefully, generate various strategic  options, do proper long-term financial analysis for each, and then  select the best option with full understanding of the current state  of technology.

Review  of past energy decisions

During  NDA1 [1999-2004] Vajpayee wanted 50,000 MW installed capacity of  hydro, and the balance demand gap to be met by coal and nuclear.  UPA1&2 never had an energy policy. The so called ‘policy’ was  actually driven by coal, hydro and nuclear lobbyists. No attention  was paid to transmission and distribution [T&D] which is more  important than adding generation capacity. More significantly, not a  single Government paper can be found with objective analysis of  technological options for long term energy security. Four important  omissions and commissions of UPA were:

1]  Failure to review the nuclear option following Fukushima meltdown.  Can this Government answer simple questions as (a) the cost of  cleanup in case of a similar accident in India, (b) the extent of  primary contamination zones which will require relocation of  population, (c) government’s liability, which is eventually  tax-payers’ liability, (d) can we, since the Prime Minister has  promised a transparent government, expect the nuclear industry to be  freed from the mysterious shroud of the Official Secrets Act? Why  should India’s civilian nuclear industry operate under OSA? And one  final question (e) what is the extent of radiological contamination  from NARORA Nuclear Power Plant that uses Ganges water as coolant and  then releases radioactive hot water back into the river? We just want  honest answers to these five questions. It is never too late to  correct the mistakes of former governments.

2]  Failure to review intensive exploitation of Himalayan waters for  hydro-electricity. India simply cannot, and should not, trust World  Bank, ADB, USAID and international agencies to perform technology  appraisal and funding strategy. Their one point agenda is to trap  India in toilet paper dollar debt and saddle it with unsustainable  options. As of now, around 15 projects in Himachal Pradesh are stuck  at various courts including the Green Tribunal because of violations  of various protective provisions, many of these vetted and funded by  the international funding agencies.

In  that state each project authority, public or private, has violated  major provisions of the Environment Protection Act and Forest Act.  Not one project authority prepared Environment Impact Assessment  [EIA], Environment Management Plan [EMP] or Disaster Management Plan  [DMP] which should collectively form the basis of investment  decision. NEERI, an asylum for deadwoods, did a cut-and-paste job,  key ministries signed their approval on the dotted lines. These  projects have caused irreversible damage to the fragile ecosystem.

Tehri  Dam is a classic example in which sons and daughters of powerful  IAS/PSU officers without any competence were producing hundreds of  reports and paid crores of rupees. These “consultants” had no  training in data analysis or even report writing. This is an  extremely serious matter. It is time that a multi-stakeholder team  undertakes detailed review of Himalayan hydro-projects. The death and  destruction from natural disaster in Uttarakhand was accentuated by  the rapacious damming of every river and its tributaries. Kinnaur  district is devastated from crude tunnelling methods, over  concentration of large projects in this highly seismic zone. The  sheer scale of the disaster is documented here: Click here to view

3]  Failure to reduce Transmission and Distribution [T&D] losses  which stood at 24% in 2013. Do we know, has any government, ever, in  the past 70 years revealed generation, transmission, and distribution  costs? What investment would be required to upgrade T&D  infrastructure to world class? I think the BJP Government should  upgrade T&D system before starting up the 20,000 MWe of dormant  capacity. One can’t pump 20,000 MW per hour into a tottering  national grid without serious consequences and that is basic  electricity management strategy.

4]  Failure to appraise available renewable technology options. Of the  fourteen energy sources, six are classified as finite [oil, gas,  shale, bitumen, coal and uranium], two are classified as intermediate  [peat and geothermal], major perpetual include hydro-power, wind,  solar, tidal, wave and ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC). No  scientist in India challenged the notions of ‘finite’,  intermediate and major perpetual. Electricity from eight renewable  resources can be generated at comparable or lower cost with ‘finite  sources’ provided ‘costs’ are estimated rationally at current  level of knowledge. A far more fundamental question is this: Is  energy a finite resource? Nikola Tesla proved that energy is a  natural resource that can be tapped and used at little or no cost as  air or water; that’s why his lab was bombed and his career  destroyed.

The  false “fossil fuels” theory

Most  importantly, and this is crucial, how many scientists and analysts  have questioned the spurious fossil fuel theory of oil, gas and coal?  Not found or met any in India, sadly.

Scientific  theory determines technological options. Why do we still ‘believe’  that oil, gas and coal came from decomposition of organic matter from  some cataclysmic event in the hoary past that buried forests and  animals, perhaps humans, who now appear in the form of oil, gas and  coal? If this theory is correct, we should be able to calculate the  number of dead Godzilla or humans required to produce a barrel of  oil. Such experiments have been done and scientists concluded that  fossils are not required for oil, gas or coal.

Petroleum  science was first studied by the Russian Mikhailo Lomonosov in 1757.  With basic observational and rudimentary analytical skills he  concluded that coal, oil and gas are formed by biological detritus.  His theory was challenged and proved wrong by Russian and French  scientists in the mid-19th century, approximately the time that the  oil era starts. The modern Russian-Ukrainian theory of deep, abiotic  petroleum origin was first propounded by Nikolai  A. Kudryavtsev at the 1951 All-Union Petroleum Geology Congress. Kudryavtsev proved  that petroleum does not have biological origin. He was joined by  other Russian and Ukrainian geologists like PN Kropotkin, KA  Shakhvarstova, GN Dolenko, VF Linetskii, VB Porfir’yev, and KA  Anikiev.[1] Western adherence to fossil theory of oil was used for  oil geo-politics and fleecing consumers worldwide.

The  Russian-Ukrainian abiotic theory correctly explains the origin of  oil, gas, and coal. The theory was revolutionary in that oil and gas  could be found almost anywhere on the planet. During World War II  Stalin realized that American, British, and French were not going to  allow the Russians to operate either in West Asia or in the petroleum  producing areas of Africa, Indonesia, Burma, Malaysia, or anywhere in  Latin America. That geo-political reality forced the Soviets to  develop technology based on abiotic theory and they have discovered  and developed massive oil and gas reserves within the then USSR and  now whatever is left as Russia.

When  Deepwater Horizon blew up in the Gulf of Mexico [Macondo prospect in  Mississippi Canyon, Block 252], the Peak Oilists had no explanation  based on their fossil theory of oil. The pressure at which oil was  coming up was so high that it took British Petroleum [BP] 87 days to  contain it. BP was drilling 5.6 kilometres below the sea level in  about 1.6 kilometre of deep water, or 7.2 kilometres deep. [2] Is  there any geological evidence of sunken Godzilla community converted  to oil in the Mexican Gulf? If sunken Godzilla got converted to oil  why only under 7 kilometres under the Mexican Gulf? If Gondwanaland’s  Godzillas all sank, oil should be found everywhere and not only in  the ‘preferred zones’ of Western Oil companies.

The  first major project outside Russia was in India in 1983 (Indira  Gandhi’s time) to openly exploit and showcase their ultra-deep  drilling technology and oil production from basalt rock to the world.  A large rig was scheduled to drill in the Ganges Delta to nearly  seven kilometres deep to get to ultra deep oil – exactly what Deep  Horizon was doing in the Gulf in 2010. The oil well Bodra No. 3 was  supervised by drillers and scientists from the Moscow Institute of  Drilling. The project was scuttled but not one newspaper reported  why. In 1973 (also Indira Gandhi’s time), the global fraud of  petro-dollar was enforced on the world. I remember distinctly that  cars went off India’s highways. Get the drift? We’ve never had a  staunchly nationalist government who could stand up to the western  slave traders.

Should  India allow fraudsters like Rothschild and Rockefeller oil and  banking cartels to define our national scientific work and strategies  for energy security? Are we still West’s slaves? Russia issued a  warrant of arrest against Rothschild.

The  racket of peak oil and peak energy and peak everything was started by  three very convincing shills: Richard Heinberg [a journalist], Dr  Colin Campbell [Oil Geologist, who created the Association for the  Study for Peak Oil or ASPO in Ireland and invited me twice to their  annual convention], and Michael Ruppert [former police officer,  committed suicide this year]. A dozen financial analysts joined them  to create the Peak Oil high decibel ensemble.

The  initiative was allegedly backed by big oil with the sole purpose of  creating a global fear of massive energy shortages and laying the  ground for global resource wars. The peak oilists unashamedly made  millions of dollars selling a false paradigm and gained fame.  Campbell’s team had high quality data on every oil and gas field  around the world, on proved reserve, extraction rate, and depletion  rate. At US$ 33,000 per copy, the report was priced out of the  affordability of independent researchers, but he was kind enough to  share vital data on South Asia when I was working on a sponsored  study on energy issues and I am grateful to him for this gesture.

It  is true that oil wells tend to follow a bell shaped curve peaking  when extraction crosses roughly 50% of the reserve, known as  Hubbert’s Peak/curve, but it has also been observed that once the  well is closed down, it starts to fill up. This fact has been  consistently denied by Peak Oil proponents, but never properly  studied.

Fossil  theory was used to formulate a military strategy that would deny  access to oil and gas reserves in the main producing regions to  nations that did not submit to the will of the Western powers. If a  nation does not get access to oil and gas it can’t defend itself,  forget about fighting an offensive war. Peak oil theory rests on the  fossils of western intellect, science and technology. Enslaved media  bombarded the European and American mind forcing them into a  mind-lock that locked the modern westernised and fossilised Indian  intellect, science and technology as well.

The  Deep Horizon disaster was the red herring. Drums of “FOSSIL FUEL”  and “PEAK EVERYTHING” have been silent since then. Is there  shortage of energy or even strategic minerals and metals? Anything?

If  so, what did Tesla tell us and why is fusion technology now being  perfected in small garages around the world? A 14-year-old school  student came up with a safe working model of cold fusion energy  generation. It was actually a nuclear reactor ticking in his father’s  garage. [3] Cold fusion is something we have been hearing about since  1980s. Indian scientists were as far advanced as any western  scientist, but not one was encouraged to produce a prototype. Many  enthusiasts have developed working models in their backyards, just as  the young lad Taylor Wilson.

Is  there shortage of anything in this world, except that the European  Elite who control the USA and much of the world do not want any  country to develop any science and technology that undermines their  global resource empire? Queen Elizabeth (less said the better)  controls uranium mines and so Manmohan Singh ritually genuflected to  nuclear energy. That was his obeisance to the Cosmic Queen whose  Earthly bank was fined by Her Majesty’s Government for illegal drug  money laundering. [4]

Essentially,  India needs to get its science right. How long should jokers shilling  for the Anglo-American zionist manipulators of science be allowed to  perpetuate our enslavement with spurious energy science? In every  science, too. If abiotic theory is correct, as it seems to be, India  needs a major exploration effort on land and sea. This would free  India from dependence on imported energy and the arbitrary oil and  gas price fixing by India’s own top bureaucrats and political  leaders in cahoots with London dealers and European banksters.

Assessment  of technological options for electricity

There  is now a global consensus that we need advanced, eco-friendly, more  efficient, less polluting, safer, affordable energy technologies. The  technological options are many; tested and tried solutions are  available. So, how should India under a patriotic Prime Minister  assess the energy options?

Here  is a simple suggestion. As far as electricity is concerned, we need  objective and ruthlessly dispassionate appraisal of all technological  options on nine parameters. [1] relative cost of generation from  various fuel sources [levelised cost of electricity, LCOE], [2]  Capital expenditure over project life cycle [CAPEX, maintenance cost,  and Energy Payback Ratio], [3] average down time [optimum capacity  factor over the lifecycle], [4] land requirement [we simply can’t  afford massive relocation and rehabilitation for nuclear plants, coal  mines and hydro-electric power plants], [5] pollution potential,  environmental impact, climate change potential, and cost of  mitigating measures, [6] probability of plant failure and estimates  of compensation to victims and remedial measures, [7] decommissioning  cost [a nuclear plants’ decommissioning cost is nearly as much as  building cost], [8] waste management cost, and [9] estimates of  displacement and capital cost of resettlement and rehabilitation  [R&R]. All these are quantifiable, appropriate weights can be  assigned to each indicator and a composite indexing of relative costs  model can be done.

Assessment  of technological options for diesel and petrol

This  issue makes me hang my head in shame at the perversity of science and  technology in India. Let us take cars, the mechanical contraption  that helps us reach point B from point A. The first cars were  designed to run on vegetable oil. Rudolf Diesel, after whom diesel  oil is named, ran his cars on biofuel. Pogue carburettor, patented in  1935, could give 100 miles to a gallon of petrol. That technology was  killed by the Rockefellers because they wanted to sell more oil. [5]

The  best source of oil was hemp oil and the strongest cars ever made were  from hemp fibre. That was the main reason why hemp was demonised and  growing hemp made illegal in one of the most perverse decisions of a  US Commissioner at the instance of big money and still enforced  around the world. Watch this video on Henry Ford’s hemp oil run  hemp car. [6] “Kestrel” made almost entirely of hemp will soon be  in the Indian market. [7]

Volkswagen  is marketing a model that gives 261 miles per gallon, roughly 417  kilometres to a gallon or over 100 kilometres per litre. It was  initially banned in the USA. Why shouldn’t these cars be exempted  from tax and manufacturers encouraged to make them in India from  biological materials? [8] Why can’t Indian engineers design and  build a 100% indigenous hemp automobile, tractors, buses and trucks?  What stops them? The technology is available on the Internet. That  kid Taylor Wilson accessed and self-taught cold fusion technology,  and built a nuclear plant in his father’s garage.

Philosophy  of technology: make life easy for the people

In  a conference of engineers in England, their President asked “what  is the philosophy of technology?” The participants were baffled;  none had an answer. He explained: “technology either does things  for us or makes things for us with the proviso that technology must  make life easy for the people.” [quoting from memory]

Let  us hope that our patriotic Prime Minister makes life easier for us.

References:
1. J. F. Kenney- ‘An introduction to the modern petroleum science, and  to the Russian-Ukrainian theory of deep, abiotic petroleum origins.’ Russian Academy of Sciences - Joint Institute of The Physics of the Earth. Gas Resources Corporation, 11811 North Freeway, Houston, TX  77060, U.S.A.
2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill
3. See this short video: http://www.nbcnews.com/video/rock-center/52207962/#52207962
4. http://www.presstv.com/detail/233402.html
5. http://www.supremelaw.org/authors/wine/pogue.carburetor.gif
6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=54vD_cPCQM8
7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aIT6sOnAje8
8. http://www.wfaa.com/news/technology/New-Volkswagen-claimed-to-get-261-MPG-195781941.html

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