Bhagavad Gita- Chap 18(Part-3) Moksha Sannyaasa Yogah- Yoga of Liberation by Renunciation

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Concepts and Issues

This  is the last and the longest Chapter dealing with renunciation and liberation  concluding the whole discourse.

Every  action has five causes and it is foolish to consider the Atman, the Self, as  the doer. One who does actions without the sense of doership and with an  untainted mind is never bound by them.

There  is nothing in the three worlds that is not free from the effect of these gunas.

Swabhava  or inborn nature determines one’s own duties. By worshipping The Lord through  devoted performance of one’s duties, one can attain spiritual perfection. That  is why one should never forsake one's duties even if they appear to be  imperfect or defective.

One,  who has controlled his body, speech and mind, lives in a secluded place and practices  meditation on the Self, will become fit to attain the state of Brahman. Such a  one, able to see the same Lord in all, obtains intense devotion to Sri Krishna.  Through such devotion he understands Him and enters into Him.

Now  Sri Krishna assures Arjuna that by doing all actions and offering them unto Him  he will attain the eternal abode, after having crossed over all the  difficulties. In case he does not listen to this advice, he will perish. It is  egoism that is prompting Arjuna to say that he will not fight. However, his very  nature as a kshatriya will force him to fight, falsifying his resolve.

Sri  Krishna declared to Arjuna that he might do as he pleased after pondering over  what all He said. He urges him to be totally devoted and dedicated to Him by  renouncing all Dharmas and He, the Supreme Lord, will free him from all sorrows  and take care of him.

The  discourse ends with an advice that this sacred knowledge should not be given to  unworthy persons bereft of austerity and devotion, but only to those endowed  with devotion to The Lord. Even the study of this discourse endears one to him.

Sanjaya  confesses his great joy for having heard this wonderful discourse directly from  Sri Krishna and seen His Cosmic Form. He declared that wherever there is Sri  Krishna, the Yogeswara, the Lord of the Yoga and Arjuna, the Dhanurdhara, the  wielder of the bow, success, wealth and eternal good will accrue.

Live as the Gita Teaches You to Live

Sri  Krishna has laid down in very clear terms the Rules of the Game of Life in the  following three verses of this Chapter. The final response of Arjuna in Verse  18.73 to Sri Krishna’s advice is equally a pole-star for all of us to follow.  It is for us to take advantage of the light or  continue to fumble about in darkness.

tameva sharanam gaccha sarvabhaavena bhaarata
    tatprsaadaatparaam shaantim sthaanam praapsyasi  shaashwatam // 18.62 //

Take refuge in Him alone with all your soul, O  Bharata. By His grace you will gain Supreme Peace and the Everlasting abode.

manmanaa bhava madbhakto madyaajee maam namaskuru
    maamevai'shyasi  satyam te pratijaane priyo'si me // 18.65 //

Fix your mind on Me, be devoted to Me, worship to  Me, bow down to Me, you shall even come to Me ; truly this is my pledge to you,  for you are dear to Me.

sarva dharmaan parityajya maamekam sharanam vraja
    aham twaa sarvapaapebhyo mokshayishyaami maa shuchah  // 18.66 //

Abandoning all Dharmas (of the body, mind and  intellect), take refuge in Me alone; I will liberate you from all sins, do not  grieve.

Points to Ponder
  1.  What is the difference between Sannyasa and Tyaga ?
  2.  What are the five factors in the accomplishment of an action?
  3.  What are the essential factors for realising the Self?
  4.  Write short notes on: 
•Knower, Known and Knowledge  
•Three kinds of Jnaanam, Karma, Doer, Buddhi, Dhriti, Sukha  
•Fourfold classification of society

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