Bhagavad Gita- Chap 9(Part-2) Raajavidyaa Raajaguhya Yogah- Yoga of Royal Knowledge and Royal Secret


shubhaashubhaphalairevam mokshyase karmabandhanaih
    sannyaasa yogayuktaatmaa vimukto maamupaishyasi // 9.28  //

You shall thus be freed from  the bondage of actions yielding good and evil results. With your mind firmly  set on the Yoga of renunciation you shall become free and come to Me.

Sri Krishna continues the theme  how by living the life in a spirit of surrendering the fruit of all actions to  the Lord, an individual achieves the highest perfection. When actions are  undertaken by an individual without ego, their reactions, good or bad, cannot bind  him because the vasanas in him were already eliminated due to egoless actions  and absence of egocentric desires and the mind already got purified.

The next stage is to live a life  of Sanyasa and Yoga. The word Sanyasa does not mean physical rejection of the  world. It is a renunciation of all egocentric activities and all cravings for  fruits of actions. The offering of all works to the Lord constitutes the yoga  of renunciation.

Such a life would be possible for  those who dedicate all the end results of their actions unto The Lord. To the  one who thus lives the life of Sanyasa, Yoga is natural as through out all of his  activities he remembers only The Lord, the Self, the Infinite. Such a seeker  discovers the futility of his earlier identification with the false and realizes  his own Divine Nature. Hence the seeker is promised that he will go to the  Supreme and even while living in the body one will be free from the bondage of  action.

samo’ham sarvabhooteshu na me dweshyosti na priyah
    ye bhajanti tu  maam bhaktyaa  mayi te teshu chaapyaham // 9.29 //

I am the same toward all  beings; to Me there is none hateful or dear. But those who worship Me with  devotion, are in Me and I am also in them.

I am in all beings: The self is  one in all beings; the same Consciousness Principle illumines the emotions and  thoughts in all living creatures just as the same sun illuminates all objects  in the world and its rays get reflected on all surfaces whether polished or  rough.

To Me there is none hateful or dear:  The Self is always the same everywhere and It neither bears distinction between  the good and bad nor does It entertain love or hatred for any living being just  as the same sunlight reflects on the surfaces of different types of objects, the  quality of reflections being different on account of the varying quality of the  respective surfaces. On the same analogy if some people show better spiritual  development as compared to others it cannot be presumed that the Self is  partial towards or showing any special preference to the former or having any  prejudice against the latter.

But those who worship Me with  devotion are in Me and I too am in them: Having said that the Self has neither  love nor hatred towards anybody The Lord says that those who worship the Self  with devotion rediscover that they themselves are none other than the Self that  is worshipped by them.

The idea is that the Eternal Self  does not choose any individual for bestowing Its grace but the individuals  themselves create such environment in themselves that they rediscover the Self  in themselves. A mind pre-occupied with egocentric attachments with the  non-Self cannot realize the Bliss while the same mind if it is made to detach  itself from all the extrovert diversions it realizes its identity with the  Self. From this sense we can say that the worshipper with devotion is `blessed'  by The Lord and so he is in Him and He too is in the worshipper.

api chet suduraachaaro  bhajate maamananyabhaak
    saadhureva samantavyah samyagvyavasito hi sah  // 9.30 //

Even if the most sinful man worships  Me with unswerving devotion, he must be regarded as righteous, for he has  formed the right resolution.

Bhakti is selfless contemplation  with a single-pointed mind upon the non-dual Brahman who is none other than the  essence of the devotee himself. A constant attempt to live upto one's own Real  Nature is called single-pointed devotion. If a vicious sinner changes his evil  thoughts his behavioral pattern gets transformed. If such a person worships The  Lord with undivided devotion he is to be regarded as righteous and thoroughly  rehabilitated.

From the moment contemplation on  the Supreme is taken up with devotion, the sinner becomes a saint because he  has formed a resolution to abandon the evil ways of his early life.  He will soon grow out of himself into the  spiritual glory. The evil of the past cannot be washed away except by his  turning to God with undivided heart.

This verse does not mean that  there is an easy escape from the consequences of our deeds. We cannot prevent  the cause from producing its effect. Any arbitrary interference with the order  of the world is not suggested. When the sinner turns to God with undistracted  devotion, a new cause is introduced.

His redemption is conditional on  his repentance. Repentance is a genuine change of heart and includes regret for  the past sin and a decision to prevent a repetition of it in the future. When  once the resolution is adopted, the transformation of the lower into higher is  steadily effected.

If only human effort is to be  depended upon for this change, it may be hard, erroneous, imperfect and  difficult to overcome the ego. By surrendering the ego when one opens himself  to the Divine, The Lord takes up the burden of changeover and lifts the soul to  the spiritual plane from its contamination. A peace of charcoal loses its  blackness only when it is charged with fire.

kshipram bhavati dharmaatmaa shashwacchaantim nigacchati
    kaunteya pratijaaneehi na me bhaktah pranashyati  // 9.31   //

He soon becomes righteous and  attains to eternal peace; O Kaunteya, know you for certain that My devotee  never perishes.
  The effect of single-pointed  devotion to The Lord is stated here. Sri Krishna says that such a person soon  becomes righteous - he realizes the Divine Atman in himself. He attains eternal  peace - an inward peace which is beyond the tumults of the daily living. He  lives in tranquility free from agitations and excitements. He rediscovers in  himself his own real nature which is Supreme Peace. Such a devotee never perishes  or is destroyed. The seeker of the nobler values shall have no failures if his  resolve is firm and his application is sincere.

The import of this and the  previous verses is that the constant awareness of the Divine Principle protects  the human personality from the destructive nature of its negative tendencies.  Once we place ourselves in the hands of the Divine we cannot fall into the  chasm of darkness.

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