Mandukya Upanishad- An inquiry into what is Real And Unreal-4


amatrash  chaturtho.  Avyavaharyah   prapanchopashamah  shivo. advaita evam  onkara  atmaiva  samvishaty  Atmana.a.Atmanam  ya  evam  veda .. 12..

That which has no parts (soundless), incomprehensible (with the aid of sense organs), the cessation of all phenomena, all bliss and non-dual AUM, is the fourth and verily the same as Atman. He who knows this merges his self into the Cosmic Self. (He never again feels he is an individual self).

There are no more quarters. When you go beyond the three quarters, the three states of A, U, and M, then you reach chaturtha, the fourth one, turiya. This state is pure consciousness, beyond Isvara. The gross universe is then gone. The dream universe is gone. All universes, all diversities, all dualities, are gone. You are in the state of suddha chaitanya – turiya and there is only your Self, Atman. You are liberated and there is no birth for you.

Prapancha – The five elements represented by the phenomenal world, this diversity. When you attain turiya, then so far you are concerned this phenomenal world is only an illusion. It comes to an end for all practical purposes (upasama). There is no more world for you. You see only Brahman and nothing else. Then there is only Siva, only joy, only good. And there is advaita, no diversity. There is only unity. You see yourself everywhere, in every being – one and the same self everywhere. You realize that this AUM is nothing but the Self, the Atmanevam omkara atmaiva.

He who knows this Truth attains real knowledge, transcendental knowledge. He knows that he alone exists – the entire universe getting merged in him. That is the final state. You don’t see anything outside. Everything is within.

Samavisat – he merges entirely. You merge entirely into your Self. You withdraw into yourself because to you this world has no separate existence. Atmana Atmanam – the self into the Self. The individual self merges into the Cosmic Self. The jivAtman and the paramAtman become one.

iti mandukyopanishat.h samapta

A bird’s eye view of Gaudapada’s karikas is given in the Annexure (see next chapter).

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