Indigeneous Education in the 18th century

Madras Presidency Table      

This table is an attachment to a report by J Dent, Secretary, Fort St George, 21/2/1825.
Number of Native Schools/Colleges in Madras Presidency &Number of Scholars. Number of Schools 574 Colleges 0, Population 4,54,754, includes male & female.

Name of Collectorate

No of Schools

Bramin

Vysea

Soodra

Other Caste

Muslims

Total Scholars

1. Ganjam.

255

808

243

1003

896

27

2977

2. Vizag.

914

4547

983

2072

2016

97

9715

3.Rajamundry

570

2356

653

472

579

52

4112

4.Masulipatnam

533

1891

1108

1507

499

277

5282

5.Guntoor

574

3094

1578

1960

832

260

7724

6. Nellore

804

2466

1641

2462

432

620

7621

7. Bellary.

533

1187

982

3024

1205

243

6641

8. Cuddapah.

494

1416

1713

1843

686

342

6000

9.Chingleput.

559

1259

424

4888

486

186

7243

10.ND.Arcot.

699

1117

630

4888

546

563

7744

11.S.D.Arcot.

875

997

370

8032

872

252

10523

12.Salem.

388

783

324

1674

1410

459

4650

13.Tanjore

993

3955

222

10786

2485

933

18381

14.Trichinopoly

799

1329

229

7811

347

746

10462

15. Madura.

844

1186

1119

7312

3017

1147

13781

16.Tinnelvelly.

607

2016

0

2889

3674

798

9377

17.Coimbatore.

936

1642

289

6461

226

312

8930

18.Canara.

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

19.Malabar.

760

2310

97

4404

3099

4318

14228

20.Seringapatnam.

41

48

23

312

158

86

627

21.Madras.

305

359

798

3619

317

143

5236

22. Charity.

17

52

48

172

181

10

463

23.Tutitons Home

0

7684

6195

7809

3585

1690

26963

Total

12500

42502

19669

85400

27548

13561

188680

% of total

23

10

45

15

7

100

Students are male + female i.e. male 184100 balance is female.

Analysis –
• Sudras made up 45% of the scholars as compared to Brahmins 23%, today is probably the reverse.
• High number of Muslim scholars in Malabar 4318.
• Only 7 % of the total number of scholars were Muslims. Meaning then & today it the Muslims continue to pay less attention to education. Be it England or India does not matter.
• 12500 schools & colleges. The British first killed these institutions, then brought in Anglicized education into India through the missionaries.

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