Bhagavad Gita- Chap 4 (Part-1) Jnaana Karma Sanyaasa Yogah- Yoga of Renunciation of Action in Knowledge


paritraanaaya saadhoonaam vinaashaaya  cha dushkritam
    dharma samsthaapanaarthaaya sambhavaami  yuge yuge // 4.8 //

For  the protection of the good, for the destruction of the wicked and for the  establishment of righteousness, I am born in every age.

Whenever  there is a serious tension in life, when the all-pervasive materialism invades  the hearts of human souls, to preserve the equilibrium, a responsive manifestation  of wisdom and righteousness is essential. The Supreme, though unborn and  undying, becomes manifest in human embodiment to overthrow the forces of  ignorance and selfishness.

Avatara  means descent, one who has descended. The Divine comes down to the earthly  plane to raise it to a higher status. The purpose of Avatar is to inaugurate a  new world, a new Dharma. By His teaching and example, He shows how a human  being can raise himself to a higher grade of life.

The  issue between right and wrong is the most crucial one. The Lord works on the  side of the right. Love and mercy are more powerful than hatred and cruelty.

Dharma  will conquer Adharma, truth wins over falsehood and power behind death will be  overthrown by the Reality, Sat Chit Ananda - Being, Intelligence and Bliss.

Dharma  means the mode of the being. It is the essential nature of a being that  determines its mode of behavior. So long as our conduct is in conformity with  our essential nature, we are acting in the right way. Adharma is nonconformity  to our nature. Harmony of the world is on account of conformity of all beings  to their respective natures; disharmony of the world is due to their  nonconformity.

When  the freedom given to humans is abused causing disequilibrium The Lord does not  merely stand aside and allow the things to drift. He, through His  manifestation, sets the matter on the right track and lets it jog along by  itself while His loving hand is steering it all the time.

Sri  Krishna says that His manifestations in this world in every age are for the  following purposes:
1. for the protection of  the good: To protect those who lead a life of truth and righteousness, who utilize their bodies in the service  of the community, who are free from selfishness, anger,  hatred, lust and greed and who devote their life to  divine contemplation.
2. for the destruction of the evil-doers: For the elimination of wrong tendencies in those who lead a life of  unrighteousness, who break the laws of the society, who are vain, dishonest and greedy, who injure others, who take possession of other's property by force and who commit  all sorts of crimes  and
3. for the establishment of dharma: When dharma is protected and wickedness destroyed, society lives according to dharma and affords opportunities to its members to lead a spiritual life. It connotes cosmic and moral order.

janma karma cha me divyam evam yo vetti  tattwatah
    tyaktwaa deham punarjanma naiti maameti  so'rjuna // 4.9 //

He  who thus knows in true light My divine birth and action, will not be born again  when he leaves his body: he will attain Me, O Arjuna.

After  explaining the reasons for His incarnations in this world Sri Krishna declares  that he, who knows the great truth that the Lord though apparently born is ever  beyond birth and death, though apparently active in the cause of righteousness,  is ever beyond all action - becomes illumined with Self-knowledge, has realized  the ultimate truth. Thus he transcends birth and death in the relative world  and attains Brahman.

veetaraagabhayakrodhaa manmayaa maam  upaashritaah
    bahavo jnaana tapasaa pootaa  madbhaavamaagataah  // 4.10 //

Freed  from attachment, fear and anger, absorbed in Me, taking refuge in Me, purified  by the fire of knowledge, many have attained my being.

The  purpose of incarnation is not merely to uphold the world order but to help the  human beings to become perfected in their nature.

The  steps required to be undertaken by beings in this regard are:
1. renouncing  attachments to sense objects
2. becoming desire  less
3. getting free from  selfishness
4. realizing that he  is constant, indestructible, eternal Self and that change is merely a quality  of the body.

When  an individual has reached this stage of self-development he becomes fearless  and sees the Self everywhere and in such a state anger cannot arise in him. He  is absorbed in Him and becomes fully devoted to Him. He thus takes absolute  refuge in The Lord after getting purified with the fire of this knowledge.

The  wisdom is referred to here as fire. Just as fire burns everything the wisdom burns  down or completely removes all latent tendencies, impressions, cravings etc in  an individual and thus makes him pure.


ye yathaa maam prapadyante taamstathaiva  bhajaamyaham
    mama vartmaanuvartante manushyaah  paartha sarvashah // 4.11 //

In  whatever way men worship Me, in the same way I reward them; It is my path, that  men follow in all things, O Son of Pritha.

This  verse brings out the wide catholicity of the Gita religion. God meets every  aspirant with favor and grants to each his heart’s desire. He does not  extinguish the hope of any but helps all hopes to grow according to their  nature. The Lord bestows pleasure to those who seek pleasure, rewards those who  aim liberation, and rescues them from distresses who pray to Him, and so on. In  whatever form man worships the Lord, the Lord appears to him in that form. The  various deities and cosmic forces, the angels, the prophets, the incarnations,  are only different manifestations of the Lord Himself.

As  there are innumerable ideals cherished by men, so there are innumerable forms  of the Lord corresponding to those ideals. It is to Him alone that man offers  worship under different names and forms, through different symbols and rites.  Likewise, from Him alone comes the fulfillment of all desires, whether they are  secular or spiritual. As the Self within He brings to fruition all wishes when  the necessary conditions are fulfilled. The Atharva Veda says “ekam jyoti  bahudha vibhati’ - the one light manifests itself in various forms.  (XIII.3.17)

“The spiritually immature are unwilling to recognize  other Gods than their own. Their attachment to their creed makes them blind to  the larger unity of Godhead. This is the result of egotism in the religious  ideas.  The Gita on the other hand  affirms though beliefs and practices may  be many and varied, spiritual realization to which these are the means is one”.  Dr.S.Radhakrishnan.

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