The Most Interesting Facts About the Culture of Education in India

  • By Kristen Bray
  • December 21, 2022
  • Eight interesting facts about the culture of education in India.

India is incredibly diverse in its culture, geography, and people. It is home to some of the world's most stunning natural beauty, including the Himalayas in the north and tropical rainforests in the south. The people of India are incredibly welcoming and friendly and love to learn. Find below some of the most interesting facts about India's education culture. Read on.

1. High literacy

India is a country with a long-standing culture of education, and facts about India reflect this. According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in 2019 adult literacy rate was 74% or 473 million literate adults. It is an impressive feat considering that only 18% of people over 25 years old had received any formal schooling before 1947.

Also read State of Education in India around 1820 before the British changed it And Vikramshila – an ancient seat of education

Furthermore, India has been making steady investments in its education system over the years, with new initiatives being taken to improve educational opportunities across all parts of society. The government's focus on providing educational access to everyone has led to impressive gains in primary school enrollment and increased investment in higher education.

Also read Renowned Mathematicians of India

2. India has a significant number of schools

There are over 1 million schools in India, offering education to millions of children across social and economic backgrounds. Thus, it has the second-largest network of educational institutions in the world.

This fact shows how deeply embedded learning and education are in Indian culture. Over the years, India has made significant strides in improving its education system and providing access to quality schooling for more people through various initiatives like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

See album of Nalanda University Old and New

3. Education Cost in India

Education in India is free until the tenth grade (for select category of students).

This highly-regarded system allows Indian children to gain the necessary knowledge to have successful careers and futures. With this, Indian adults highly emphasize academic achievement, viewing it as prestigious and honorable (education is part of Indian tradition).

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The education system in India has impacted many generations of individuals who have been fortunate enough to be educated by this program. It has made a big difference not just in individual lives but also families and communities across the nation.

4. Wealth and Education in India

In India, access to education varies significantly between different economic strata in society. The rich like elsewhere tend to have more resources and opportunities that allow them to pursue educational goals. On the other hand, the poor often lack the same access and resources, which can hinder their ability to further their education.

How does government solve the issue?

This discrepancy in educational opportunities can have a lasting impact on social and economic mobility in India. As such, it is essential to create initiatives that work towards closing the gap in access to education for all castes in India to ensure equal opportunity for all. In addition to creating initiatives, it is also essential to ensure that educational resources and opportunities in India equitably reach all castes. Only through these efforts can equal access to education in India be achieved.

5. Alternative schools

In addition to traditional educational institutions, India has many traditional (Indic) schools known as gurukuls. These schools focus on providing a holistic education based on traditional Indian teachings and values.

Also read Gurukula in a Man making Education System

What is it?

Gurukuls are usually based on the ancient system of education that dates back to the Vedic period and provides a more holistic approach to learning than traditional schools. Gurukuls typically teach students through hands-on experience rather than lectures or books, emphasizing real-world applications of concepts.

Spiritual education

These schools often emphasize spiritual development and facts and may include yoga, meditation, and other forms of spiritual practice in their curriculums. Many gurukuls also focus on traditional Hindu values such as respect for elders, service to others, and care for the environment.

Some famous gurukuls include those founded by legendary Indian philosophers like Adi Shankara and Ramanuja. Gurukuls continue to be popular in rural areas of India, and they are also gaining interest among a few urban schools. By providing an alternative to contemporary schooling, gurukuls offer facts-based education with a spiritual dimension often lacking in more conventional classrooms.

5. Parents are proud

Parents in India often prioritize their children's academic success over other aspects of life. They are willing to make sacrifices to ensure their child succeeds in school and the future. Many parents in India invest in tutoring, extra classes, and even private schools to give their children every advantage possible.

As a result, the pressure to succeed academically is immense for Indian students and can lead to burnout and mental health issues if it is not managed carefully. Parents should remember that achieving academic success is essential, but other aspects of life, such as social skills and emotional intelligence, are just as crucial for a child's development.

Also read Education in the vision of Swami Vivekananda

6. Everyone learns in India


The nationwide push for girls to pursue a college education has been gaining momentum in recent years. In 2019, the number of female students enrolled in college hit an all-time high in the nation, representing a significant jump from just five years prior.

Governmental initiative

This increase in numbers is mainly due to government initiatives and programs that empower and encourage young women to pursue their educational goals. It includes various scholarships and incentives meant to make college more accessible to those who might not otherwise be able to afford it, as well as campaigns aimed at debunking cultural stigmas around higher education for females in India.

While there is still much work to be done to level the gender playing field in Indian education completely, these efforts have been a significant step in the right direction in encouraging more girls to pursue their studies in India. (Can someone tell the % of male and female students in schools and colleges of say the U.S. and Europe).

Equal opportunities

By supporting and promoting equal educational opportunities for girls, India sets an example of how access to education can be made available to everyone. In addition, it has increased awareness of gender inequality in education in other parts of the world. It is an important reminder that everyone should have access to quality learning and teaching experiences regardless of gender or background.

7. Students apply for scholarships

High school students in India have the opportunity to apply for competitive scholarships. The government and private organizations offer these scholarships in India, and they can provide financial assistance to help students in their academic pursuits.

How to apply?

Eligibility criteria vary depending on the scholarship program in question, with some focusing on financial needs while others may require a certain level of academic achievement or exam scores. For those pursuing higher education in India, these scholarships can be an invaluable resource in helping them achieve their goals.

High school students in India can apply for competitive scholarships through Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY). This nationally recognized scholarship is awarded to talented students who demonstrate exceptional promise in science and technology.

8. Huge universities in India

India has some of the world's most prestigious universities in India. From the venerable Indian Institutes of Technology to smaller but renowned institutions such as the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, many of India's universities are among Asia's best in terms of academic standing and research. 

International partnerships

Many have international partnerships with prominent universities in Europe, North America, and elsewhere in Asia, giving students access to a wide range of resources and opportunities for learning. With its focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) studies, India is well-positioned to provide high-quality education in these fields for years to come.

Various fields of study

Its top universities also offer business, management, law, and humanities courses that can open doors for students in many different areas, both in India and abroad. As India continues to grow economically, its high-quality universities will remain a crucial part of its success in providing student opportunities in all areas of study.

Contribution to the country’s development

These top universities also contribute to building an educated population and enabling innovation in technology, medicine, business, and more. With their strong reputation for excellence in teaching and research, they are a vital part of India's continuing development in many aspects of society. 

From leading-edge research being conducted in labs to innovative ideas coming from the students' minds, these institutions are helping shape India's future in ways that may not be immediately evident. Still, they will undoubtedly have long-term impacts further down the line. By investing in its citizens' education and building strong institutions to study, India is setting itself up in a favorable position for the years ahead.


Education in India has helped create a more connected world with increased resources for those who need them most. India encourages everyone to pursue it and recognize its value. These facts about the education culture in India demonstrate how far the country has come in providing educational opportunities for its citizens. India is sure to continue advancing its educational system for generations to come.

Author Kristen Bray is a professional writer and а blogger. She has been working as an editor at а Best Essays Education. Kristen mainly covers topics such as blogging, digital marketing, and self-education. In her free time, she practices yoga and also travels.

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