Sri Rudra Prasna or Satarudriya -A Flag Post of Universality and Inclusiveness of Hinduism

In Chamakam a catalogue of 347 items are prayed for, from the Lord,  from food and other material requirements to the highest of spiritual goals.  Like Namakam this also has eleven Anuvakas or sections.

In the First Anuvaka, a comprehensive prayer is made to  keep the human being fit, hale and hearty in his internal vitalities, sensory  organs and mind power, and grant him a long and peaceful happy life. These  powers are needed for successful performance of several types of tasks in  everyday life. Thirty six items are prayed in this Anuvaka for the body, its limbs and food, which is the cornerstone  for upholding Dharma.

O Gods, Agni and Vishnu! May both  of you bear goodwill to me. Let these words of praise of mine magnify you. Approach  me together bearing riches and food. I pray to you to grant me food and  permission to give and eat food. May the food that I eat be pure? Let me have  good appetite and relish the food and digest the food that I eat. May I perform  the sacrifices that would procure me food?

Let me recite all the Vedic  mantras with proper intonations and a compelling and captivating voice. Grant  me the capacity to discriminate what to hear and what not to hear. May my mind  be lit up with clarity to understand things properly? May I attain the heavens of  Gods? Let the life forces and vital airs of Prana, Apana and Vyana function  properly in me.

May my mind deserve the right  knowledge through incisive grasping? May you grant me the gift of eloquent  speech and a sane and healthy mind? Let me have well functioning sense organs  with clear eye sight and keen hearing. Let my organs of action be strong and virile.  Grant me the might to put down my enemies and to lead a long and vigorous life.

Let me have a respectable old age  with dignity. May I have well built and well formed body. May you grant me happiness?  Grant me protection for the body. May I have well formed body with well set  bones and well knit joints? May I be born in high and noble bodies in future?
In the Second Anuvaka, eminence  and leadership, common sense, intellectual acumen, capability to face bad times,  spiritual elevation, worldly splendor and enjoyments are prayed for. Thirty  eight pleas are made in this Anuvaka by the devotee.

I pray that I may be granted a  higher position, prominence and Lordship among men. May I have the sense of resentment  which is just and anger which is righteous. Let me have the right self control  for dignified manifestation of anger.

May I be provided with sweet and  plentiful water? May I be granted prowess to dominate and gain victory over my  foes and win wealth and glory. Let me be sought after and respected by others.  May my wealth and possessions multiply?

May I be granted good progeny and  unbroken lineage? May my learning, character and truthfulness grant me natural  superiority over others? May I have faith in the sastras, Vedas and optimism  about future? May I be granted movable and immovable property and gold and  silver in plenty?

May my personality be charming  and attractive? May my body be strong and glorious to derive pleasures and joy  from sports and games? May the heritage which has come down to me from my  forefathers be steady with me and what I acquire in my life be protected? May I  master the Vedic hymns and acquire the holy merit by the performance of sacred  rites and good actions?

May my past, present and future  be full of abundance and prosperity? May I always dwell in pleasant, hospitable  and safe places? May my passage in this world be always smooth and may I be  endowed with spiritual merit in my afterlife?

May I be provided material comforts  in abundance in my life’s journey to make it comfortable and pleasant and also  to put them to the best use? May I be granted a brilliant and balanced  intellect, to manage difficult situations cleverly and successfully?

The Third Anuvaka develops innate urge for God and meditative  and spiritual ecstasy, service to Divinity and humanity. Goals like, teaching,  discovery, immortality, eagerness for knowledge and truth, quest for  immortality, understanding the rhythms in life, understanding the available  paths in life, freedom from diseases, ability to sleep well and power  associated with mind and prana and  choice of right path in life are prayed for Thirty six aspirations are sought  to be fulfilled in this third Anuvaka.

May I be granted happiness in  this world and in the other world? May I acquire good and pleasant objects in  this world and also in the other world? May I have the joy and solace of good  relations with one and all? May I attain welfare and prosperity in this world  and spiritual welfare in the other world? May I be granted comfortable  habitations, good fortunes, wealth and fame? May I have the guidance of elders  and teachers who can control and lead me in the right way? Let me have parents  and elders who will comfort and support me. May I be blessed with the capacity  to protect and retain what I have already earned? May I be granted unshaken  fortitude under the most trying and difficult circumstances?

May I win the goodwill, respect  and honor in the world? May I acquire the knowledge of Vedas and sastras and  ability to disseminate the knowledge to others? May I have the capacity to  command obedience and work from my children out of love? May I have the  executive ability and drive to extract obedience and work from my servants and  others. May I be blessed with unqualified success in my agricultural and  husbandry operations? May I perform sacrifices and other rites and reap the  inevitable spiritual fruits of such sastric karmas? May I be granted total  resistance and immunity from major and minor ailments?

May I have the possession of  herbs and remedies which would grant me a long life? May I be saved from  untimely death? May I be granted freedom from fear and enmity? May I possess  righteous conduct which wins the approval of one and all? May I be blessed with  a sound sleep, happy and auspicious dawn and a fruitful day?

The Fourth Anuvaka assures the fitness of the body and the best food for the body, and its  comfort. In other words, it describes the powers or qualities which nourish  both our gross and subtle bodies. It includes mental clarities, pleasant and  true words, recognition of delight in all our works, freedom from hunger and  all pervading nature etc. This anuvaka also spells out, different names and varieties of grains, which represent energy  which is necessary for our body. Thirty eight desires are prayed for to be  fulfilled in this Anuvaka by the  seeker.

May I be granted food, milk,  sweet juices? May I encounter courteous words of welcome and hospitality? May the  Lord grant me ghee and honey? May I be granted the good fortune of eating and partaking  liquids in good company?

May I be blessed with successful  agricultural operations, sufficient and timely rains, fertile fields and the  green wealth of trees and plants in my land? May I possess children and  relatives who bestow upon me a sense of security? May I acquire gold and  precious stones? May I have a strong and well nourished body? May I be granted  the gift of abundance of all varieties of cereals, millets and corn? May my  stock of grain and food never diminish? May I never experience hunger for want  of food?

May I be granted paddy, barley,  black gram and sesames? May I be granted green gram, castor seeds, wheat and Bengal gram? May I be granted millets, small and superior  paddy and wild forest grains in abundance?

In the Fifth Anuvaka,  the seeker asks for the Navaratnas,  (the precious stones) and all the animals to serve his interests and also materials  best in their form for his spiritual rituals. Three specific desires are prayed  for here.
May I be blessed with vast lands,  with precious stones and lofty hills and mountains which give birth to many  rivers, forests with fruit bearing trees? May the lands be rich in minerals  like gold and silver? May the lands be rich in minerals like lead, tin and steel?  May the lands be rich in minerals like bronze, copper and have abundant water? May  the land has thick vegetation with creepers, herbs and plants cultivated and  uncultivated?

May I be granted cattle and other  domestic animals in plenty which help us in performing sacred sacrificial rites?  May I be granted ability to add to my ancestors’ properties with my own earnings?  May I be blessed with children with competence and prowess to achieve success  in the world? May I have comfortable habitations to accommodate me and my people?  May I have the determination to undertake performances of sacred rites, rituals  and sacrifices successfully? May I be rewarded with joy and happiness for  fulfilling the scriptural injunctions? May I attain the final goal of my life?

The Sixth Anuvaka emphasizes the importance of Indra as a co-sharer in the oblation  (offerings) to the other Gods. The seeker prays that "May all these Gods  come in and grow in us perfectly with their powers like a child that grows in a  mother's womb".

Let Lord Agni and Indra shower  grace on me. Let Lord Soma and Indra shower grace on me. Let Lord Savita and  Indra shower grace on me. Let Goddess Saraswati and Indra shower grace on me. Let  Lord Pusa and Indra shower grace on me. Let Lord Brihaspati and Indra shower  grace on me. Let Lord Mitra and Indra shower grace on me. Let Lord Varuna and  Indra shower grace on me. Let Lord Thvasta and Indra shower grace on me. Let  Lord Dhata and Indra shower grace on me. Let Lord Vishnu and Indra shower grace  on me. Let the twin Aswinis and Indra shower grace on me. Let Lord Marutha and  Indra shower grace on me. Let Vishva Devas and Indra shower grace on me.

Let Earth and Indra shower grace  on me. Let the interspace between the heaven and earth and Indra shower grace  on me. Let Heavens and Indra shower grace on me. Let all the four quarters and  Indra shower grace on me. Let quarter above and Indra shower grace on me. Let  Prajapati and Indra shower grace on me. (Indra is not only the mythological  King of angels in heaven; he is also the master of senses. Therefore, here  Indra means the indwelling god who is the real master of the senses; this  explains the importance given to Indra in this hymn).

The Seventh Anuvaka lists the various vessels necessary  for Soma Yagya sacrifices in the “Yagya Kunda”, the site of offerings to Agni. In this prayer each word  represents an aspect of self which is offered to the respective Deity.

The Eighth Anuvaka is a prayer for granting the various instruments necessary for the performance of Soma Yagya sacrifice.

Let the following Bahiranga Yagna  Sadhanas necessary for the performance of sacrifices is granted unto me. May I  possess the dried sacred twigs, the holy Dharbha or sacred grass, the  sacrificial altar, the platforms for the priests to perform sacrificial rites? May  I possess vessels made of Purasa wood used for Homams in Ishti sacrifices,  wooden plates for pouring the Soma juice and drinking it, small pebbles used  for pounding the soma creeper, wooden knives fixed in the sacrificial post?

May I possess four pits dug in  the earth, flat wooden pieces cut from the fig tree along with the bark, vessel  shaped like a mango made out of banyan tree in which squeezed soma juice is kept?  May I possess the vessels of wood and mud for placing the Soma juice in the  sacrificial offerings (Havirdana), mud vessel for keeping the soma juice,  another mud vessel for storing the purified soma juice?

May I possess the place for  lighting the sacred fire, platform for keeping the Havis (sacrificial  offerings), pavilions for ladies where the wives of priests should dwell, place  where the public can sit and chant Vedic hymns.

May I possess purodasa, an  offering made of broken rice, pachatas (a place where offerings are cooked)? May  I have the ceremonial bath after the completion of the sacrifice and burn the sacred  fire by chanting mantras through which the gods are invoked?

The Ninth Anuvaka, the prime prayer, consists of all the contents of four Vedas. This also mentions the powers of  light and sound which are closely related.

May I light the sacrificial fire?  May I perform the religious rite known as Gharma and the
  Sacrifices known as Arka and Surya.  May I make the offerings due to Prana? May the Gods Prithvi, Aditi be  auspicious to me? May the Gods Diti, Dyaus be auspicious to me? May the heaven  and the quarters outspread like the fingers and pointing finger of the  Virat-Purusha, the cosmic being be amicable to me for my sacrificial rites.

May the Rig Veda, Sama Veda,  Yajur Veda, and the hymn known as Stoma be properly chanted where the  sacrificial rites are performed? May austerities be practiced by me properly?  May the seasons be favorable for my sacrificial rites? May I practice the  physical austerities or certain vows and observances prescribed (like fasting  at night)? May it rain day and night? May the hymns called Brhad and Rathantara  be properly recited during the sacrificial rites?

The Tenth Anuvaka invokes  all the biological species to co-operate in the devotee’s daily life and also  for the sacrificial rituals and specifically mentions the prayer for perfection  of our principal prana energy, our  senses, mind and soul.

(Let it be granted unto me).  Calves in the womb of my cows, the newborn calves, a year and half old bull  calves, a year and half old female calves. Two year bull calves, two year old  female calves, bull calves two and half years old, female calves two and half  years old. Bull calves three years old, female calves three years old, Bull  calves four years old and female calves four years old. Bull calves five years  old, female calves five years old. The breeding bulls and virgin cows.  The lordly (fully grown) bulls and the cows  that have had a miscarriage. The cows that have newly delivered.

May I live long? May my upward  breath, downward breath, equalizing breath, eyes, ears, mind, speech and body  function properly as a result of my sacrificial rites? May I keep performing  more sacrificial rites?

The Eleventh Anuvaka brings out  the long list of benedictions asked for. Let all the numbers be  granted to me implying that on the changeless Absolute One, many are super  imposed.

May I possess food? May it be  produced in plenty? May it be produced again and again? May I perform  sacrificial rites? May the sun, the space that came out of it, that appeared  last, that appeared in the world, the world and the king be auspicious to me?

Ida invokes the Gods, Manu  performs sacrificial rites, and Brhaspati recites hymns which give joy.  Visvedevas recite hymns, mother Prithvi (Earth) do not injure me. I shall  entertain sweet thoughts, do sweet deeds, make sweet offerings, speak sweet  words and speak honeyed words to the God-loving men. May the Gods make them faultless?  May they be approved by the manes or ancestors?   May there be Peace to the body and the Soul?

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