Indigeneous Education in the 18th century

Share to Facebook Share to Twitter Share to Google Plus Share to Google Plus Share to Google Plus Add to Favourites

Collectors Reports, Tables      

Friends the book has numerous letters & statistical data submitted by individual collectors. For the sake of brevity I am sharing a few. The number in roman alphabets indicates letter number.

V

COLLECTOR OF TINNEVELLY TO BOARD OF RVENUE:
18.10.1822
(TNSA: BRP: Vol.928 Pro.28.10.1822 pp.9936-7 No.4.46.7)

I have the honor of forwarding the Statement of Schools in this District required by your Deputy’s letter of the 25th July last.

The preparation of the account has been delayed by enquiry into the castes of the female scholars who in almost all instances are found to be dancing girls.

Tinnevelly District,
Sharenmadavy,                                                                                                                          J.B. Hudleston
18th October 1822.                                                                                                                      Collector.

VII

PRINCIPAL COLLECTOR COIMBATORE TO BOARD OF REVENUE
23.11.1822
(TNSA: BRP: Vol.932, Pro.2.12.1822, pp.10939-943, No.43)

To,
The President and Members of the Board of Revenue

Gentlemen.
1. I have the honor to forward the information called for in Mr. Clarke’s letter of the 25th July 1882 regarding the schools in the district.

2. The statement No.1 is drawn up after the Form, which accompanied Mr. Clarke’s letter.

The Statement No.2 shows the particular language taught in each school, the number of pupils, the average amount of stipends paid by parents, to the teachers, the average annual charge to pupils for the purchase of cadjans.

The Statements No.3 shows the number of institution in which Theology, Law and Astronomy are taught, the number of pupils educated in them, and the amount of maximum land granted by the Hindu Government for their support, and assumed either by the Mussulamn, or by the British Government.

3. The earliest age at which boys attend school is 5 years, they continue there until they are 13 or 14, Those who study Theology, Law, etc., begin at about 15 and continue to frequent the colleges until they have attained a competent knowledge in the Science, or until they obtain employment.

4. Besides their regular stipends, schoolmasters generally receive presents, from the parents of their pupils, at the Dassarah and other great feasts; a fee is also given when the pupil begins a new book. The annual stipend from one pupil varies from Rs.14 to Rs.3 per annum, according to the circumstances of the parents. The schools hours are from 6 a.m. to 10, and from 1 to 2 p.m. until 8 at night Besides the several festivals they have regular holidays, 4 days in each month on the full moon, the new moon, and a day after each.

5. The education of females is almost entirely confined in this district to the dancing women, who are generally of the Kykeler caste, a class of weavers. There are exceptions to this rule, but the numbers are too insignificant to require notice.

6. There is a school for teaching English in the town of Coimbatore, which is superintended by an English belonging to this Cutcheree.

Coimbatore                                                                                                                  (Signed J. SULLIVAN,
23rd November 1822.                                                                                                        Principal Collector)

X

PRINCIPAL COLLECTOR TANJORE TO BOARD OF REVENUE:
28.6.1823
(TNSA: BRP: Vol.953, Pro.3.7.1823 pp.5345-5347 No.61)

With reference to your Secretary’s letter of the 25th of July last, and its enclosures. I have the honor how to transmit a statement in the prescribed Form, prepared from the Return received from the Tasildars of the number of schools and colleges in this District accompanied by two other statements Nos.1 and 2, more in detail, which will I expect, afford every information, that your Board and government desire to receive on the subject, being necessary for me only to add that it does not appear, any funds granted for these institutions, have been either resumed or diverted from their original purpose.

Tanjore Negapatam,                                                                                                              J. Cotton,
28th June, 1823.                                                                                                                    Principal Collector 

Number of Native Schools/Colleges in Tanjore Collectorate &Number of Scholars.
Number of Schools 884, Colleges 109, Population 3,82,667.

Brahin Scholars

Chettris

Vyseah

Soodra

Other Caste

Muslims

Total Male + Female Students

1. 3,586

369

222

10786

2455

933

18351

2. 20 %.

2 %.

1%

59%

13%

5 %

100

XVIII

COLLECTOR, TRICHINOPOLY TO BOARD OF REVENUE:
23.8.1823
(TNSA: BRP: Vol.959 Pro.28.8.1823 pp.7456-57 Nos.35-36)

1. Information having at length been obtained on the subject of your letter of the 25th July 1822, I do myself the honor to submit the result. The annexed statement drawn up in correspondence with that which accompanied your letter, will show the number of native schools and colleges in his district, and the number of scholars male as well as female Hindoos of all castes, and Mussulmans, who are educated in them

2. The scholars generally continue in the schools from the age of 7 to 15 and the average yearly expense of education is about 7 pagodas. There are no schools or colleges in this district for the support of which my public funds are appropriated, and in institutions for teaching Astronomy-Theology or any other science.

3. In the talook of Jyalore alone, and no other, there are 7 schools, which were formerly endowed by some Native Government with between 44 and 47 Cawnies of land for the maintenance of the teachers.

Trichinopoly                                                                                                                               G.W. Saunders,
23rd August, 1823.                                                                                                                        Collector.

Number of Native Schools/Colleges in Trichinopoly Collectorate &Number of Scholars. Number of Schools 790, Colleges 9, Population 4,81,292.

Brahin Scholars

Vyseah

Soodra

Other Caste

Muslims

Total Students

 1329

229

7811

347

746

10,462

13%

3%

75%

3%

6%

100

Students are male + female i.e. 10322 + 140= 10,462.

XXIII

COLLECTOR, GUNTUR TO BOARD OF REVENUE:
9.7.1823
(TNSA: BRP: Vol.954, Pro.14.7.1823, No.49, pp.5904-7)

1. In reply to your Deputy Secretary Mr. Viveash’s letter of the 25th July last, I have the honor to transmit a statement showing the number of schools in which reading and writing are taught together with the number of scholars in them, and which has been prepared according to the form accompanying the above letter.

2. With regard to the information called for by the government in their letter of the 2nd July, 1822, I have to observe that the scholars generally assemble in the morning at 6 o’clock and stay until nine and then go to their houses to take their morning meal and return again to school within 11 o’clock and continue until 2 or 3 o’clock in the evening, and again to their respective houses to eat their rice and return by 4 o’clock and continue until 7 o’clock in the evening. The morning and evening generally are the times for reading and afternoon for writing.

3. The charge to the scholars chiefly depends on the circumstances of the fathers or persons who put them to school and is found to vary from 2 annas to 2 rupees per mensem for each boy and this is the only charge that be shown, as the boys are only sent to the schools in their own villages and live at home.

4. It appear that there are no schools in the Zillah which are endowed by the public and no colleges for teaching Theology, Law, Astronomy, etc., in this district; these sciences are privately taught to some scholars or disciples generally by the Bramins learned in them, without payment of any fee or reward, and that the Bramins who teach are generally maintained by means of Mauneom land which have been granted to their ancestors by the ancient Zemindars of this Zillah, and by the former governments on different accounts, but there appears no instance in which the Native Government have granted allowances in money and land merely for the maintenance of the teachers for giving instruction in the above science. By the information which has been got together on this subject, it appears that there are 171 places where Theology, Law and Astronomy, etc., are taught privately, and the number of disciples in them is 939. The readers of these sciences cannot generally get teachers in their respective village and are therefore obliged to go others. In which cases if the reader belongs to a family that can afford to support him gets what is required for his expenses from his home and which is estimated at 3 rupees per month, but which is only sufficient to supply him with his victuals; and if on the other hand his family is in too indigent circumstances to make such allowance, the student procures his daily subsistence from the houses in the village, where taught, which willingly furnish such by turns.

5. Should people be desirous of studying deeper in Theology, etc., than is taught in these parts, they travel to Benares. Navadweepum, etc., where they remain for years to take instructions under the learned Pundits of those places.

Guntoor Zillah,                                                                                                                             J.C. Whish,
Bauputtah, 9th July, 1823.                                                                                                              Collector.

Number of Native Schools/Colleges in Guntur Collectorate &Number of Scholars. Number of Schools 574 Colleges 0, Population 4,54,754

Brahin Scholars

Vyseah

Soodra

Other Caste

Muslims

Total Scholars

 3094

1578

1960

832

260

7,724

40%

20%

25%

11%

4%

100

Students are male + female i.e. 7,622 + 102= 7,724

Receive Site Updates